There are a number of different problems that dogs can have with their eyes, and as a loving owner you should be aware of the most common ones to look for. Each of these problems comes with a series of symptoms that you should know how to identify before the problem gets worse.
Dogs can get their own version of cataracts, and they are typically genetic. This condition causes the clear lens of the eye behind the pupil to become cloudy or white in color, causing the dog’s vision to worsen as time goes on. If the cataracts become bad enough, the dog can eventually go blind altogether.
Before you jump to any conclusions though, you need to take your dog to a vet to make certain that it isn’t just a case of nuclear sclerosis.
A corneal ulcer may sound like a horrible thing for a dog to get, but it really isn’t quite as bad as it sounds. This problem is fairly common in dog, and while bacteria can complicate it, dogs usually make a full recovery in time. This type of ulcer is essentially an injury that is caused by a foreign object or even a scratch from a cat.
Inflammation of the dog’s eye or the area around the eye is typically a sign of infection. The most effective treatment for this particular eye problem is a thorough cleaning and special eye drops for dogs.
Dogs sometimes get in-grown eyelids, which can be quite painful and often result from genetic factors. This condition causes the eyelids to turn in and press the eyelashes against the eye. Rubbing of the eyelashes against the eye can cause an ulcer. The most effective treatment for this problem is surgery, and there is very little risk involved with the procedure.
Basic eye injuries in dogs are not at all uncommon, but they can be serious, especially if gone untreated. Dogs often stick their noses where they shouldn’t, causing small cuts, scratches, and bruising to the eyeball. The treatment for this problem depends on the severity of the injury, but eye drops are usually required.
Dogs’ eyes get irritated from time to time for one reason or another. And while simple eye irritation isn’t a huge deal, it is important to respond properly and promptly to prevent further problems later on. Special dog eye drops are required for treating irritation to a dog’s eyes, but there are other treatments that can be used, including a special diet.
It is important that you thoroughly wash your dog’s eyes out with special drops if they become noticeably irritated so that infection does not occur. If you notice signs of infection in the eyes of your dog, take them to a vet immediately.
Prolapse of the Eyelid
Whether or not you knew it, dog’s actually have a third eyelid, and it offers important protection for cornea. The gland of the third eyelid serves an important purpose as well, which is to produce tears for the eye to help them lubricate the cornea.
If one of these glands becomes swollen for whatever reason, it will begin to grow larger and bulge up over the top margin of the third eyelid. When it becomes exposed like this, irritation will most likely occur, producing a thick yellow mucus. You should take your dog to a veterinarian if you notice these symptoms, as they will be able to take a close look at the eye and recommend the appropriate treatment.